On Monday, November 8, Google dedicated a doodle to renowned Indian cell biologist Dr Kamal Ranadive to celebrate her 104th birth anniversary. The scientist is best known for her significant contribution to cancer research and lifetime devotion to creating a more equitable society with the help of science and education.
The Google Doodle, created by India-based guest artist Ibrahim Rayintakath, shows Dr. Ranadive with a microscope.
Who Was Dr Kamal Ranadive?
Dr Kamal Samarath, popularly known as Dr Kamal Ranadive, was born in Pune in 1917. Her family encouraged her to opt for medical education, but Ranadive was more interested in Biology.
In 1949, she received a doctorate in cytology, while working as a researcher in the Indian Cancer Research Center (ICRC). She returned to Bombay (now Mumbai) after completing her fellowship at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland, USA. Later, she established India's first culture laboratory at ICRC Mumbai.
As the director of the ICRC and a pioneer in animal modelling of cancer development, Ranadive was among the first researchers in the country to propose a link between breast cancer and heredity and identify these links among cancers and certain viruses.
The Indian cell biologist studied Mycobacterium leprae, the bacterium that causes leprosy, and helped develop a vaccine for it. In 1973, Dr. Ranadive and her 11 other colleagues founded the Indian Women Scientists' Association (IWSA) to support women in scientific fields.
"Ranadive also encouraged students and Indian scholars abroad to return to their own country and use their knowledge to work for their communities. After retiring in 1989, the scientist worked in rural communities in Maharashtra, training women as healthcare workers, providing health and nutrition education. The IWSA has 11 chapters in India and provides scholarships and childcare options for women in science," wrote Google.