The National Crime Records Bureau Data indicates that a total of 13178 people lost their lives due to collapse of various structures from 2010 to 2014 in 13473 such cases. This is an average of 7 such cases per day. Most people lost their lives because of the collapse of residential houses. Uttar Pradesh recorded the highest number of deaths (2065) during this period.
Eighteen (18) people lost their lives when the under construction flyover collapsed in Kolkata. Data collated by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) indicates that 13178 people lost their lives due to the collapse of various structures from 2010-2014 i 13473 such cases. This is an average of 7 such incidents a day.
1821 deaths due to Collapse of Structures in 2014The NCRB collates this data in its annual report ‘Accidental Deaths & Suicides in India’. Various un-natural causes of death are listed in this report and collapse of various structures is one the causes captured by the NCRB.
In 2010, a total of 2682 people lost their lives due to collapse of structures. The number of deaths rose to 3161 in 2011 and came down to 2682 in 2012. The number of deaths in 2013 was 2832. The number of such deaths in 2014 was the lowest of the 5 five years at 1821.
A total of 13473 such cases were reported from 2010-2014. 2677 cases were reported in 2010, 3125 in 2011, 2764 in 2012, 3074 in 2013 and 1833 in 2014.
Building Collapses resulted in close to 50% of the deathsThe NCRB categorizes the data on collapse of structures into 5 different categories. From 2010 to 2014, a total of 4914 people lost their lives because of the collapse of residential buildings, about 37.3% of the total deaths. The collapse of commercial buildings resulted in 1610 deaths. The collapse of Dams & Bridges resulted in 124 and 297 deaths respectively. Collapse of Dams & Bridges accounted for 3.2% of all the deaths. The highest number of deaths was because of the collapse of other structures like flyovers etc. Collapse of other structures resulted in 6233 deaths or 47.3% of the total deaths.
Most deaths in the bigger states As expected, most such deaths took place in the bigger states. The only exception to that trend was West Bengal. A total of 184 deaths (1.4%) took place in West Bengal from 2010 to 2014. The highest number of such deaths took place in Uttar Pradesh. From 2010 to 2014, 2065 people lost their lives in Uttar Pradesh due to collapse of structures. 1343 lost their lives in Maharashtra followed by 1330 in Andhra Pradesh, 1176 in Madhya Pradesh, 1154 in Tamil Nadu and 1067 in Gujarat.
Have you ever spotted a speeding car without a care for the traffic signal? Ever spotted a person rushing to the other side of the road when the traffic light is green? Ever seen bikers use pavements as roads to save a few minutes? Ever seen cars change lanes on highways or rush hour traffic on a whim? Well, so have thousands of other Indians.
Road safety in India is a serious concern. For a country that boasts the second largest road network in the world, it is inarguable that we need to pay more attention to our safety on roads – a place where we step out every day, spend a handsome amount of our time.
The government has come up with several regulations on road safety, but is this enough? Not if awareness around the topic is still lacking.
The intention behind the initiative is to bring together lawmakers, local authorities, traffic police and citizens under one umbrella.
The cities will be rated on parameters such as Pedestrian Rights, Road Lighting and Maintenance, Motor Laws and Traffic Control, Emergency Services, Road Cleanliness, Connectivity, Road Transport Infrastructure, Heavy Vehicle Traffic Management, Road Safety, Differently abled friendly, Road Quality and Road Safety For Children.
Here are the ten cities that were chosen for Road Safety Index 2018 and the reasons that make their roads safe or unsafe:
Mumbai has facilities for the differently-abled like reservations in public transports, special train compartments, concessions on fares, etc. The city that never sleeps scored the best when it comes to citizens’ participation in making the city accepting and warm toward the differently-abled. It won the category ‘Differently-Abled Friendly’.
However, there are areas of improvement – illegal hawkers, pavements and footpaths need to be fixed or reconstructed.
Anyone who hails from the capital of West Bengal knows about its recreational parks and brightly lit streets. Its traffic police deserve special mention for redirecting rush traffic every day as Kolkata roads are narrow and many are one-way streets.
During Durga Puja, the city tries to make Pandals differently-abled friendly by installing ramps.
It won the categories – ‘Road Lighting & Maintenance’ and ‘Road Safety For Children’.
But the City of Joy needs to work more on giving its residents #HappyRoads. Issues of waterlogging and numerous street hawkers, roadside vendors in busy areas need to be solved.
There’s no one who’s been to Delhi and not praised its excellent connectivity. Delhi prides itself for broad roads, top-notch metros, pavements and foot over bridges. The national capital surely serves as an example for cities across India when it comes to road connectivity hence, it won the categories ‘Connectivity’ and ‘Road Quality’ in the Road Safety Index.
While Delhi has made many of its public places differently-abled friendly, the areas that need improvement are long hours in traffic, fixing of roads that pose a hindrance to daily commute and rash driving by bikers.
The city boasts well-marked zebra crossings, adequate footpaths for pedestrians, underground SMART dustbins, reduced encroachments. Raipur fares well in almost all parameters of road safety. It won the category of ‘Road Safety’ and ‘Pedestrian Rights’.
However, the city could do better with stricter fines for traffic violators and awareness about road safety and garbage disposal.
Other cities can take inspiration from Chennai on how to ensure good road safety. The city has wide, well-connected roads that are lit properly. It also boasts rigorous night patrolling where traffic rules violators are fined. One of the best initiatives taken by Chennai is the separate parking space on city roads that prevent traffic from accumulating. It came out on top in the category ‘Motor Laws & Traffic Control’.
Areas where Chennai needs to improve are street lighting and cleanliness.
Indore is one of the few cities that has used plastic waste for construction of roads and covered garbage disposals, which explains why the city won the ‘Road Cleanliness’ category. Indore also has adequate zebra crossings, visual signals, street lights, footpaths.
But areas where the city needs improvement are – strict action against traffic violators, public spaces more differently-abled friendly.
There is a lot to learn from the road safety measures implemented by Ahmedabad – sound medical facilities, separate lanes for local buses, special cab service for differently-abled, wide roads. Ahmedabad won in the category ‘Emergency Services’, ‘Road Transport Infrastructure’ and ‘Heavy Vehicle Traffic Management’.
If the Heritage City improves road safety awareness among citizens, it’s bound to fare even better. Better street lighting and lesser encroachments will work in favour of Ahmedabad.
The other cities shortlisted were Pune, Bangalore and Hyderabad but they didn’t win any category.
Maruti Suzuki’s initiative to rank cities will encourage citizens and administration to do better and emerge on top.
The Logical Indian community wholeheartedly appreciates the various initiatives undertaken by Maruti-Suzuki in this direction. Not only the government but we, as citizens of this country, should also pledge to make our roads safe. One of the first steps towards this is that we understand our duties.
We hope the authorities take a note while we pledge to do our own bit towards happier, safer Indian roads.
For more information about the Maruti Suzuki’s initiative and the Road Safety Indexclick here.