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Built By The East India Company, Kolkata Port Became One Of The First Economic Gateways Of India

The Logical Indian

August 4th, 2016

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Oldest port in India
Kolkata port is the oldest port in India which is rich in history and was very important for the colonial powers and for the country. The strategic importance of Kolkata port might have changed but continues to remain economically very significant for India and its development.

East India Company 
Kolkata port was established by the East India Company after Aurangazeb granted licence to the company to build and maintain the port. The port became the economic gateway and engine of India. After the 1857 mutiny, when the control of East India Company was transferred to the crown, the Kolkata port became a property of the British empire. The port was then managed by a port commission set up by the British.


Partition and effects of it

The port became less important post independence owing to the partition of Bengal and the subsequent transfer of economic activity outside Kolkata. The importance of Kolkata port was immense, it was the gateway of trade with India, the port was crucial for exports and imports during the British regime. Strategically too it was very important, it was because of which Japan attacked the port during world war 2. Japan realized Kolkata was a strategic asset for British in its role in world war II.
Kolkata port eventually added a lot of capacities and remains one of the most important and largest ports of India. Kolkata port, as per the statistics of 2013-14, handled the largest number of vessels.

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