More Than 60 Per Cent Of The World’s Employed Population Are In The Informal Economy: International Labour Organization

From our friends at
International Labour Organization

May 3rd, 2018 / 11:58 AM

Image Credits: Carsten ten Brink

GENEVA (ILO News) – Two billion people – more than 61 percent of the world’s employed population – make their living in the informal economy, the ILO said in a report, stressing that a transition to the formal economy is a condition to realize decent work for all.

Women and men in the informal economy: A statistical picture  (Third edition) provides comparable estimates on the size of the informal economy and a statistical profile of informality using criteria from more than 100 countries.

When excluding agriculture, half of the employed population are in informal employment, according to the report.

In Africa, 85.8 percent of employment is informal. The proportion is 68.2 percent in Asia and the Pacific, 68.6 percent in the Arab States, 40.0 percent in the Americas and 25.1 percent in Europe and Central Asia.

The report shows that 93 per cent of the world’s informal employment is in emerging and developing countries.

Informal employment is a greater source of employment for men (63.0 per cent) than for women (58.1 per cent). Out of the two billion workers in informal employment worldwide, just over 740 million are women. Women are more exposed to informal employment in most low- and lower-middle income countries and are more often found in the most vulnerable situations.

The level of education is a key factor affecting the level of informality. Globally, when the level of education increases, the level of informality decreases, the report says. People who have completed secondary and tertiary education are less likely to be in informal employment compared to workers who have either no education or completed primary education.

People living in rural areas are almost twice as likely to be in informal employment as those in urban areas. Agriculture is the sector with the highest level of informal employment – estimated at more than 90 percent.

Two of the report’s authors, Florence Bonnet and Vicky Leung, point out that while not all informal workers are poor, poverty is both a cause and a consequence of informality. “The report shows that the poor face higher rates of informal employment and that poverty rates are higher among workers in informal employment,” said Leung.

Bonnet, for her part, stressed: “There is an urgent need to tackle informality. For hundreds of millions of workers, informality means a lack of social protection, rights at work and decent working conditions, and for enterprises, it means low productivity and lack of access to finance. Data on those issues are crucial for designing appropriate and integrated policies that are tailored to the diversity of situations and needs.”

The high incidence of informality is a major challenge for the realization of decent work for all and sustainable and inclusive development.”

Rafael Diez de Medina, Director, ILO’s Department of Statistics

 

This report is all the more timely given the momentum created by the Transition from the Informal to the Formal Economy Recommendation, 2015 (No. 204), and the Sustainable Development Goals that includes a specific statistical indicator on informal employment (8.3.1).

ILO Recommendation No. 204 stresses the need to facilitate the transition of workers and economic units to the formal economy, to promote the creation, preservation and sustainability of enterprises and decent jobs in the formal economy and to prevent the informalization of formal economy jobs.

“The high incidence of informality in all its forms has multiple adverse consequences for workers, enterprises and societies and is, in particular, a major challenge for the realization of decent work for all and sustainable and inclusive development. Having managed to measure this important dimension, now included in the SDG indicators framework, this can be seen as an excellent step towards acting on it, particularly thanks to more available comparable data from countries,” said Rafael Diez de Medina, Director of ILO’s Department of Statistics.

Share your thoughts..

Related Stories

PM Modi’s Ujjwala Scheme Appreciated By World Health Organization In 2018 Pollution Report

Aadhaar Coverage In Delhi 116.6% More Than Its Population, 5 Other States With similar Inconsistency

Thanks To A Video, Informal Waste-Pickers Finally Get Identity Cards

In Historic Move To Curb Child Labour, India Ratifies Two Core Conventions Of International Labour Organisation

Economy Growth Jobs

While Economy Grows At 7%, Jobs Grow By Only 1%: Labour Bureau

Rs. 26,962 Crore Collected As Labour Tax, How Much Was Actually Spent On Labour Welfare?

Latest on The Logical Indian

Awareness

Made In India Stents Just As Good As Their International Counterparts, Study From Germany Shows

Exclusive

This Website Needs Your Personal Details For NaMo T-Shirts. Here’s Why It’s Worrisome

News

Monkey Menace: Two People Killed In Agra On Same Day; Monkey Population Reaches 50,000

Exclusive

My Story: “I Saw A Kid Staring At The Ferris Wheel, He Didn’t Have Money Or Courage To Go Up”

News

On Family’s Request Kathua Victim’s Lawyer Removed From Case Over “Non-Appearance” In The Case

Awareness

Low IQ Among Indian Children, Is Iodine Deficiency The Secret Reason?

x

Stories that deserve attention, delivered to your inbox!

Handpicked, newsworthy stories which deserve the attention of a rational generation.