India Becomes Full Member Of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation: Know About The SCO

Sudhanva Shetty

June 9th, 2017 / 12:05 PM

Image source: wikimedia

The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is a Eurasian political, economic, and military organisation consisting of 8 members: China, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan.


Stated goals

Founded in 1996, the SCO’s stated main goals are as follows:

  • strengthening mutual trust and neighbourliness among the member states;
  • promoting their effective cooperation in politics, trade, the economy, research, technology and culture, as well as in education, energy, transport, tourism, environmental protection, and other areas;
  • making joint efforts to maintain and ensure peace, security and stability in the region; and
  • moving towards the establishment of a democratic, fair and rational new international political and economic order.

The SCO summits take place on an annual basis. Presently, its official languages are Russian and Chinese.


Organisational structure

The Heads of State Council (HSC) is the supreme decision-making body in the SCO. It meets once a year and adopts decisions and guidelines on all important matters of the organisation.

The SCO Heads of Government Council (HGC) meets once a year to discuss the organisation’s multilateral cooperation strategy and priority areas, to resolve current important economic and other cooperation issues, and also to approve the organisation’s annual budget.

In addition to HSC and HGC meetings, there is also a mechanism of meetings at the level of heads of parliament; secretaries of Security Councils; ministers of foreign affairs, defence, emergency relief, economy, transport, culture, education, and healthcare; heads of law enforcement agencies and supreme and arbitration courts; and prosecutors general. The Council of National Coordinators of SCO Member States (CNC) acts as the SCO coordination mechanism.

The organisation has two permanent bodies:

  • The SCO Secretariat based in Beijing and
  • The Executive Committee of the Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS) based in Tashkent.

The SCO Secretary-General and the Director of the Executive Committee of the SCO RATS are appointed by the Council of Heads of State for a term of three years. Rashid Alimov (Tajikistan) and Yevgeny Sysoyev (Russia) have held these positions, respectively, since 1 January 2016.


Member states

  • The SCO comprises six member states, namely the Republic of Kazakhstan, the People’s Republic of China, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Russian Federation, the Republic of Tajikistan, the Republic of Uzbekistan, and the Republic of India, and the Islamic Republic of Pakistan;
  • The SCO counts four observer states, namely the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, the Republic of Belarus, the Islamic Republic of Iran, and the Republic of Mongolia;
  • The SCO has six dialogue partners, namely the Republic of Azerbaijan, the Republic of Armenia, the Kingdom of Cambodia, the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, the Republic of Turkey, and the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka.

India and the SCO

India became an observer state in the SCO from the 2005 SCO summit in Astana, Kazakhstan.

India signed the memorandum of obligations on 24 June 2016 at Tashkent, thereby starting the formal process of joining the SCO as full members. The acceptance process took months. India became a full member of the SCO along with Pakistan at the 2017 meeting at Astana.

By becoming a full member of the SCO, India hopes to strengthen its position in Central Asia and Asia in general. It hopes to cement more influence and assume a more proactive role on a stage dominated by China and Russia.


I will travel to Astana, Kazakhstan for two days on 8-9 June for the Summit meeting of the Shanghai Cooperation…

Posted by Narendra Modi on Wednesday, June 7, 2017


 


Contributors

Written by :

Edited by :

Related Stories

Shanghai Carpenter Ma

Meet The 57-Year-Old Carpenter From Shanghai Who Cycles Around The City Repairing ‘History’

Universal Basic Income

Know An MP’s Fight To Include Isolated Tribes In ST List Through Private Member’s Bill & Significance Of It

This 18-Year-Old Becomes The Youngest Member To Be Elected For UK’s Royal Astronomical Society

Mutilated Currency Note

Good To Know: Here Is How You Can Claim A Full Refund Of A ‘Mutilated Currency Note’

Gujarat: Dalit Teen Beaten Up For Posing As Member Of “Upper Caste Darbar” Member

Kamala Pujari

For The First Time, Tribal Woman Becomes Member Of Odisha State Planning Board

Latest on The Logical Indian

Fact Check

Fact Check: No, The Child In The Viral Picture Did Not Die In Bihar Floods

News

Another Starvation Death In Jharkhand, 40-Yr-Old Man Dies After Starving For Over 10 Days

News

Detailing Pro-Khalistan Activities, India Submits 23-Page Dossier To Pakistan

News

Cabinet Clears Bill To Replace The 63-Year-Old Medical Council Of India

News

UP: BJP MLA Enters School, Enrolls Students As Party Members

News

Rs 400 Cr ‘Benami Plot’ Belonging To Mayawati’s Brother Seized By Income Tax Dept

x

Stories that deserve attention, delivered to your inbox!

Handpicked, newsworthy stories which deserve the attention of a rational generation.