After conducting a thorough investigation, the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) has published a report stating an exodus over 250 families from Kairana in Shamli district of western Uttar Pradesh took place due to the worsening law and order situation in the region and spike in criminal activities. The report published by the human rights body comprised interviews of victims, witnesses, police officers as well as sub-divisional magistrate. The NHRC had set up a four-member fact finding team comprising deputy superintendent of police P Ravi Singh and inspectors Suman Kumari, Saroj Tiwari and Arun Kumar visited different places in Kairana town, Muzaffarnagar. The team obtained a list of 346 displaced families or people, from which they chose six alleged victims/families each at random from three residential neighbourhoods, for its investigation. The team also had telephonic verification from at least four displaced families mentioned in the list, who had migrated to distant places like Dehradun (Uttarakhand) and Surat (Gujarat).
The NHRC panel is also seeking a report from Uttar Pradesh chief secretary and director general of police to determine what action has been taken by them after they received the NHRC findings and recommendations that were submitted to the state government on June 23. The NHRC report which was published on Wednesday found that Kairana went through a major demographic change after the resettlement of around 25,000-30,000 members of the Muslim community in the region in 2013 aftermath of the Muzaffarnagar riots. The report says, “Most of the witnesses and victims feel that the rehabilitation in 2013 has permanently changed the social situation in Kairana town leading to further deterioration of law and order in the area.”
Criminal activities in the area also increased after 2013. Two businessmen brothers Shankar and Raju were allegedly shot dead in broad daylight when they refused to pay protection money to criminals. A petrol pump was also robbed in the area and a constable was shot dead, while the assailants fled. The fact-finding team also confirmed the terror of Mukim Kala gang in the region. “The notorious gang leader Mukim Kala had committed at least 47 cases of robbery, murder, dacoity, extortion and violation of the Arms Act during a span of just 5 years between 2010 and 2015, in the states of UP, Haryana and Uttarakhand,” the report said.
The controversial issue first came in light after BJP leader Hukum Singh had claimed in June that Hindu families had migrated from town, fearing criminal activities by a “particular community” referring to the Muslims. However, he later retracted his statement saying it was not a communal issue. The investigation carried out by Shamli district administration had found that four were dead, 68 people left Kairana a decade ago and 35 of them left the place five years ago in search of better livelihood.