Dr. B. R. Ambedkar was born in a family of untouchable -cast 14 April 1891 went to Govt School where untouchable children were segregated, they were not allowed to sit inside the class. If they needed to drink water, someone from a higher caste would have to pour that water from a height as they were not allowed to touch water or the vassal. So there was “No peon, No Water”.
The first untouchable to enter a college and graduateHe wrote his thesis Ancient Indian Commerce, National Dividend of India-A Historic and Analytical Study, Castes in India: Their Mechanism, Genesis and Development.
His third and fourth Doctorates (Ll.D, Columbia, 1952 and Ll.D., Osmania, 1953) were conferred Honoris- Causa. Incidentally, in his journey (1917) he travelled separately from his collection of books, which were lost when the ship on which they were dispatched was torpedoed and sunk by a German submarine. In 1920, he began the publication of the weekly Mooknayak (Leader of the Silent) in Mumbai.
He was appointed to Rajya Sabha in March 1952 and would remain as a member till death. Reservation was his idea to uplift and include untouchables in main-stream and was introduced for 10 years.
Ambedkar opposed Article 370 in the Constitution, which gives a special status to the State of Jammu and Kashmir. He argued that every Indian should have right on Kashmir.
He wrote three scholarly books on economics: Administration and Finance of the East India Company, The Evolution of Provincial Finance in British India. The Problem of the Rupee: Its Origin and Its Solution. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI), was based on the ideas that Ambedkar presented to the Hilton Young Commission.
In 1955, he founded Buddhist Society of India in 1956 and converted to Buddism with 500,000 of his supporters. His final book was The Buddha and His Dhamma in 1956 and he died in the same year.