This Man Did The Economic Survey Of Gujarat Before Independence On Gandhi’s Call

The Logical Indian

March 31st, 2016 / 4:52 PM

Image Courtesy: arthiksamata

A number of promising economists have helped shape the economic policies of India before and after the independence. Among them, J.C. Kumarappa was a notable figure, he termed his economics as ‘Gandhian Economics’. Kumarappa was a pioneer of rural economic development theories, which stressed the importance of small and medium scale industries and agriculture. True to Gandhian philosophy, he ensured environment does not become a victim of his developmental economics.


Personal Life
Joseph Chelladurai Kumarappa was born on January 4th, 1892, in Tanjore, Tamil Nadu, into an orthodox Christian family. Kumarappa did his basic education in Madras, studied economics and chartered accountancy in Britain. On his return, he created his own firm called ‘Cornelius & Davar’. In 1928, he traveled to the United States to obtain degrees in Economics and Business Administration, at Syracuse and Columbia University. He was an active participant of freedom struggle movement and was in jail for more than a year, where he wrote three books. After independence Kumarappa was part of the Planning Commission and Indian National Congress, where he helped in framing policies for rural development and agriculture.


He prepared the economic survey of Gujarat before Independence
Kumarappa’s article on British tax policy and its exploitation of the Indian economy brought him to the notice of mainstream political sections of India. This eventually led him to meet Gandhiji in 1929. Gandhiji took an immediate liking for J. C. Kumarappa. Mahatma Gandhi even requested him to prepare an economic survey of rural Gujarat, which was later published in 1931.
The relationship soon developed into a friendship and in no time, he was a part of Gandhi’s inner circle.
He was a big admirer of Gandhi’s principles of Non-Violence. He was a strong supporter of Mahatma’s vision of village industries and promoted ‘Village Industries Associations’.


Foresaw the need for organic fertilizers
Kumarappa argued that large-scale dams are unnecessary and destructive, where small-scale dams and irrigation are sufficient to fulfill our water needs. He was against chemical fertilizers, he pointed out that organic fertilizers were far more efficient and less dangerous. He also stressed the importance of maintaining our forest resources. But all of his suggestions and arguments were ignored by the then Nehru government.

J. C Kumarappa, who was called as the “Green Gandhi” by historians, strived for making India a greener place, his theories on economics, his standings on the conservation of the environment, were both futuristic and unique. He also stood for the development of the rural population and tried to make sure they weren’t left behind. Unfortunately, his role is nearly forgotten, and his goals are yet to be accomplished.

Submitted By – Sudharshan Vasudevan


Contributors

Edited by :

Share your thoughts..

Related Stories

Activists In House Arrest: Before BJP, Congress Did The Same To Curb Dissent

Congress Muslim Party

Fact Check: Did Rahul Gandhi Say Congress Is A Party Of Muslims? Meeting Participants Refute Claim

Delhi Economic Survey 2017-18: City’s Per Capita Income Grows Almost Three Times The National Average

India Has 21 million ‘Unwanted’ Girls Because Families Prefer Sons: Economic Survey   

Farmers

A Decline Of 25% In Income Of Farmers Who Depend On Rain: Economic Survey 2017-18

India Needs Jobs, Universal Healthcare & Reforms Across All Sectors: Economic Survey To Parliament

Latest on The Logical Indian

News

Maharashtra Govt Publishes Job Recruitment Ad Under Maratha Quota, Bombay HC Asks Why

News

17 Months On, Kerala Govt Fails To Implement SC Order On Piravom Church Amidst Protest

Awareness

Why Air Pollution Debate Needs To Shift From Delhi To Other Cities?

News

Election Results: MP, Rajasthan, Chattisgarh, Telengana & Mizoram; Who Won Where?

News

Govt Rejects Army’s Demand For Implementation Of 7th Pay Commission

News

Rupee Opens 114 Paise Lower After Urjit Patel’s “Unfortunate” Resignation

x

Stories that deserve attention, delivered to your inbox!

Handpicked, newsworthy stories which deserve the attention of a rational generation.