India-Pakistan Cricket Matches: When Patriotism And Jingoism Collide

Sudhanva Shetty

June 19th, 2017 / 4:29 PM

Image Credit: India TodayDeccan Chronicle

In the wake of India’s ICC loss to Pakistan on Sunday, Indian Twitter exploded with agony and hopelessness. Many of us were confident of another win against Pakistan. The loss, by 180 runs, was unprecedented – and brutal.

There is no doubt that cricket is akin to a religion in India. It unites and stirs the passions of millions of people. Unfortunately, it also includes instances when patriotism and jingoism collide.

The line between sportsmanship and stupidity

It goes without saying that Pakistan is not like any other competitor for India. Decades of sportive animosity mixed with a long history of political and military clashes have made Pakistan an opponent like no other. An India-Pakistan (cricket) match is not only a game; it is a billion-viewer mega-thrilling tour de force. We South Asians sure do love our cricket.

But is there a line beyond which love for sports becomes extreme and inexcusable?

Yes. And, luckily, that line is easy to distinguish. It is when love for your team blurs the line between decency and barbarism. It is when one’s definition of patriotism mandates abusing on the internet, burning photographs, and making threats.

Sadly, many of us have already crossed that easy-to-recognise line. In Kanpur, people burnt photographers of our cricketers in public; in Ranchi, additional security personnel had to be deployed outside MS Dhoni’s house out of fear of public outrage; in Haridwar, people broke TV sets out of frustration and wrath after Pakistan won the match.

That’s not to say that there were no instances of heartwarming unity and sportsmanship. Sports persons and veterans from both countries congratulated each other on the game and hoped for more encounters between the two teams. Indian captain Virat Kohli said, “I want to congratulate Pakistan, they had an amazing tournament, the way they turned things around, speak volumes for the talent they have. They proved it again, they can upset anyone on their day, disappointing for us but I have a smile on my face because we played well to reach the final.”

Meanwhile, former Pakistan captain Rashid Latif said that India and Pakistan should play more often: “There should be more Test matches, ODIs, T20 Matches between both sides. Pakistani players should play in IPL and Indian players should play in PSL … We respect all Indians and people from India love us too.”

But have we become so blindly obsessed with cricket that we mistake bellicose jingoism for sportsmanship?

In the guise of cricketing rivalry, some of us justify aggression and mindlessness. Besides the above-mentioned cases of vandalism in Kanpur and Haridwar, some of us have called for our players to be banned while others booed our men in blue after the match for all the world to see. On top of this are the endless petulant abuses and insults hurled on Twitter and Facebook at players and commentators and supporters from across the border.

Such an atmosphere seems normal because we have normalised it. We forget that such childishness and thanklessness embarrass only us in the end because the world is laughing at us. In victory, we treat our players like gods; in defeat, we thrash them “like murderers and terrorists”.

That is not patriotism. That is blatant, shameless hypocrisy.

The line between patriotism and jingoism

When our own players are being professional – in victory and defeat – why are we behaving like insecure, prideless punks? That is not to say that all cricket fanatics are jingoists. Indeed, we can safely assume that the majority of cricket fans in India are sportive in both victory and defeat; they have the ability to rejoice in an Indian victory and the humility to congratulate Pakistan when they win.

What is patriotism? Blinding love for one’s country? Or undying love for one’s country that is not blind to the differences between patriotism and jingoism? We would prefer the latter definition. We passionately wanted India to win on Sunday, but we see nothing wrong with congratulating the Pakistani team for a game well-played and a victory well-deserved.

We need sportsmanship – which is something that manifests in people appreciating cricket and sport, in people being professionals in both victory defeat. We don’t need jingoism – which is something that manifests in online abuses and in mobs breaking television sets and burning photographs in public.

We don’t need the thinking that makes us belittle our team and abuse cricketing fans across the border. What we need is the thinking that makes us eager to defend the other team’s captain who was being trolled for not being fluent in English. That is sportsmanship; that is patriotism.

A nation is its people and its people’s priorities

Even besides sports, there are so many things for Indians to be proud about or obsessed about. Our scientists, our diplomats, our doctors, our artists, our engineers, our activists, our sweepers, our maids, our labourers – they work hard and make us proud every day. Why not let them share the spotlight too?

And there are also more issues to be concerned about. Child labour, malnutrition, poverty, human trafficking, bonded labour, climate change, discrimination – these are issues that also need our attention and patriotism.

A nation is its people. A nation is its people’s priorities. If a people’s patriotism is limited to the confines of a cricket match, that patriotism is both fake and counterproductive.

In conclusion, here are a few lines by Mashrafe Mortaza, the captain of the Bangladesh team:

“I am a cricketer but can I save a life? A doctor can. But no-one claps for the best doctor in the country. Create myths around them. They will save more lives. They are the stars. The labourers are the stars, they build the country. What have we built using cricket? Can we make even a brick using cricket? Does paddy grow on the cricket field? Those who make courtyards using bricks, make things at factories, grow crops in the fields – they are the stars.

What do we do? If I say it very bluntly – we take money, we perform. Like a singer or an actor, we do performing art. Nothing more. The Muktijoddhas [1971 Liberation warriors] didn’t face bullets to get money on winning. Who is being compared to whom? If there are any heroes in cricket, they are Rakibul Hasans or martyrs like [Abdul Halim] Jewel… Rakibul Bhai had dared to enter the cricket field with ‘Joy Bangla’ inscribed on his bat [before the 1971 Liberation]. That’s big. Even bigger was his going to the front with his father’s gun. Shohid (martyr) Jewel left cricket and joined the crack platoon [a 1971 Liberation war guerrilla formation]. That’s bravery. Dealing with fast-bowling has romanticism and duty, not bravery.

I say, those who cry ‘patriotism, patriotism’ around cricket, if all of them for one day did not drop banana skin on the streets or did not spit on the streets or obeyed traffic rules, the country would have changed. This huge energy was not wasted after cricket and was used to do one’s work honestly even for a day, that would be showing patriotism. I don’t understand the definition of patriotism of these people.”

Above excerpt is taken from an article of scroll written by


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