Before November 8, 2016, demonetisation as a word as well as the phenomenon, was not known to a majority of Indians. A month later, we are all a part this of this historical journey India is going through. Of course, it is ‘historical’, seeing the daily dossiers of arguments and counter-arguments for and against demonetization, which are doing the rounds in media. While the promised utopia of a black money-free economy is far from reach as we are approaching the said 50-day limit, the death toll, however, has exceeded 120.
Following the footsteps of India, Venezuela also adopted demonetization, but it turned out to be catastrophic. The president of the country Nicolas Maduro on December 11, signed an emergency decree ordering the country’s largest banknote, 100 Bolivar bill, to be illegal tender within 72 hours. This was a step to curb the hoarding of cash by international “mafia”. Maduro says they are “accomplices in the plot,” to “destabilise” the economy and that they are led by an NGO “contracted by the US Department of Treasury.”
Venezuela’s economic crisis The decision came as a major surprise to the people as the country is amidst of a great economic crisis with the world’s highest inflation. The 100 Bolivar is the most valuable note in circulation, accounting for 77% of the nation’s cash. At the highest official rate, this 100 Bolivar note is worth about 15 US cents. He declared that new bank notes of 20,000 Bolivars (200 times greater than 100 bolivars) would be issued.
The retirees complained that their pensions were already paid in lower 50- and 20-Bolivar denominations.
Oppositions went to say that Maduro is destroying Venezuela’s economy. IMF has projected that the country would have an inflation rate of 475%. The nation is reeling under runaway prices and has shortages of essential amenities.
Effect of the Announcement Soon after demonetization hit the country, the angry citizens started protesting. Venezuela already has the highest criminal record in the world. And people were plundering shops on Friday in several provinces after they began to face the cash crunch. The reason being that the promised higher denomination bills had not reached the banks and ATMs. This economic woe is a week before Christmas and the beginning of the holiday season.
Security forces have so far detained over 300 people during the protests and looting. The police had to use teargas to control crowds in some places.
Implementation Postponed After two days of unrest including one death, Maduro on Saturday announced that the measure would be postponed until 2 January 2017. In spite of the recall, many businesses were still refusing to trade with the 100 Bolivar notes on Sunday.
Maduro also hoped, like India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi, to make his country’s economy digital as much as possible. But, the reality is quite different. Nearly 40% of Venezuela’s people do not have bank accounts.
Even at 76, Pradip Burman, the zestful chairman of Mobius Foundation radiates a contagious enthusiasm when he is talking about sustainability. The environmental crusader, better known to many as the great-grandson of Dabur founder Dr S.K.Burman, has devoted substantial attention towards promoting the concept of sustainability in all aspects of life. He refuses to conform to the convenience and comfort in today’s world which ultimately adds on to the adverse effects of climate change.
Talking to The Logical Indian, Burman emphasised why sustainability as a concept is indispensable for us. “We ought to be aware of what lies ahead of us. Soon we will finish the oil, iron, tin, and coal, and our next generations will be left with nothing. Recycling, banning plastics, stop felling trees for paper… This should become a part of everyone’s lifestyle,” he urges.
Traditional wisdom and modern research
A mechanical engineer from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), USA, Burman had always nurtured a keen interest in helping the society, as evident from his graduation project of designing a sonic aid for the visually challenged, which detected obstacles in the way using ultrasonic wave signals.
As an executive for the nature-centric company Dabur, Burman has always opted for natural alternatives to solve his everyday problems like taking Ayurvedic medicine to cure his Arthritis. He later launched the veterinary wing for Dabur – Ayurvet – which provides nature-friendly solutions for animal health care.
A patron of the ancient scientific wisdom of India, Burman always hailed the confluence of “traditional knowledge and modern research”, which he advocated as the Ayurvet motto.
As part of the CSR initiative of Dabur, Pradip Burman founded SUNDESH (Sustainable Development Society) which has been tirelessly working for last 25 years in remote villages for uplifting the rural communities in an environmentally sustainable way.
An advocate of sustainability
Burman believes that sustainability is the indispensable mantra for the world at present. Due to uncontrolled utilisation of the planet’s resources by human beings, the world today stands at a juncture of destabilisation. Today the human race has reached the pinnacle of progress but the advancement is happening in a very unsustainable manner.
Through energy-efficient use of everyday essentials like transport, communication, altered habits of diet, clothing and daily living, some crusaders of sustainability try to reduce their carbon footprint. Pradip Burman’s Mobius Foundation is one of the forerunners toward sustainability goals.
Mobius Foundation aims to change the sustainability dynamics
In 2015, Burman paved the way for the start of Mobius Foundation, focused on sustainability. Named after 18th-century German mathematician August Ferdinand Mobius, the famous Mobius strip has an important philosophical significance. The extraordinary shape symbolises balance and union.
Similar is the essence of Mobius Foundation which wishes to enhance the “Reduce, Reuse, Recycle” principle to a widespread basis in India, helping generations to come.
Founder Pradip Burman wishes to achieve notable development in education, population stabilisation and renewable energy projects.
A dream school in the making
At Coorg, Pradip Burman’s Mobius Foundation is constructing the World Environment School, Coorg (WESc) where the curriculum will surpass the boundaries of books and classrooms, with a special focus on hands-on learning in close collaboration with the environment. Amidst the pristine natural beauty of Coorg, the school will nurture young minds to grow up into future green leaders. As of now, the school will be open to teenagers, welcoming students from standards 6 to 12.
Needless to say, World Environment School will be the first-of-its-kind not only in India but also in entire South Asia. The school is expected to start from March 2020.
The school promises to nurture the responsible behaviour of citizens of our future.
The Sustainability Conference of 2019
In 2019, the Mobius Foundation has planned an international conference, on the lines of the celebrated earth summits over the past decade. The 2019 International Conference on Sustainability Education (ICSE 2019) aims to bring together environmental activists, practitioners of sustainable development as well as climate change experts to help develop a sustainability-focused curriculum.
It is surmised that the conference will give a platform to innovative concepts of Sustainability Education including an essential change in the existing education system ensuring a wholesome personal development for a student.
The Sustainability crusader
The Mobius founder strongly believes that it is high time to sprout sustainability awareness among a society drowning in consumerism and unknowingly doing irreparable harm to the planet, every second. The best way to achieve this goal is through education which is available to all. At present, the education system is predominantly career-oriented, making the learners a victim of materialism, and thus, their dreams are also outlined in those colours.
Living beyond the limits
When asked about his wish to attain the age of hundred, he strongly asserts that more than becoming a centurion, he wishes his life and work continue to better the society even in his absence. “I have lived my life. I wish that whatever I start before I go, will continue – for the betterment of my country,” says Mr Pradip Burman.
He is also a trustee of the Climate Reality Project – India (affiliated to Mr. Al Gore of the Climate Reality Project Foundation, USA). Climate Reality Project, India, has been actively engaged igniting the spark and spreading the message of climate change amongst educators, policy makers and civil society. The India branch looks after more than 500 trained Climate Leaders, and more than 900 volunteers spread all over the country.
In his journey, Pradip Burman has been a beacon of hope for millions, motivating many to join the movement for sustainability. We wish he continues his tireless efforts for promoting sustainability awareness and inspire generations to come.