In Depth: India Joins Missile Technology Control Regime; China Not Yet Eligible
India on Monday joined as a full member of the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR), three days after it failed to be a part of Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) due to stiff opposition from China and many other countries. India’s foreign secretary S. Jaishankar signed the document of accession to the MTCR in New Delhi in the presence of France’s Ambassador-designate Alexandre Ziegler, The Netherlands’ Ambassador Alphonsus Stoelinga and Luxembourg’s Chargé d’Affaires Laure Huberty.
With this, India becomes the 35th member of the MTCR. After its civil nuclear deal with the US, India has been trying to get into export control regimes like NSG, MTCR, the Australia Group and the Wassenaar Arrangement that regulate the conventional, nuclear, biological and chemicals weapons and technologies.
What is MTCR?
The Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) established in April 1987 by the G7 countries: Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Great Britain, the United States and Japan. The MTCR was created in order to curb the spread of unmanned delivery systems for nuclear weapons, specifically delivery systems that could carry a minimum payload of 500 kg for a minimum of 300 km.
What will India gain?
The membership will allow India to buy high-end missile technology and also enhance its joint ventures with Russia. India will also be able to source drones from the US. India had applied for the membership last year and the grouping earlier this month. Last year, Italy had objected to India’s application, unhappy with New Delhi’s stance over the dispute over the detention of two Italian marines. The two marines, accused of murdering two fishermen off the Kerala coast in 2012, were allowed to return home and Italy has since dropped its objections. India’s efforts to get into the MTCR also got a boost after it agreed to join the Hague Code of Conduct, dealing with the ballistic missile non-proliferation arrangement, earlier this month.
The Logical Indian congratulates the government of India in becoming part of the MTCR and thereby will play a significant role in accessing new war technology from other countries besides playing a key role in the prevention of proliferation of weapons that could bring about mass destruction.