The National Human Right Commission (NHRC) has issued notices on 25 September to the governments and police chiefs of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh over the alleged inhuman treatment that has been meted out to girls and women who are forcibly taken to temples as part of an old ritual that resembles the banned ‘Devadasi’‘ system.
The Commission has pointed out that these girls and women were allegedly taken to the temples of Goddess Mathamma as an “offering”. The commission has cited a media report about the continuance of such practices in Thiruvallur district of Tamil Nadu and adjoining places. It has referred to such practices as severe.
Notices have been issued to the chief secretaries and the director general of police of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh and the district magistrates and superintendents of police of Thiruvallur and Chittoor, Andhra Pradesh. The commission had sought the reply within four weeks from the authorities.
The Logical Indian contacted the NHRC about their press statement. The office of Jaimini Kumar Srivastava, Deputy Director (Media and Communication), confirmed that some of these girls were minors.
Allegedly, as part of the ritual, the girls are dressed up as a bride, and once the ceremony is over, their clothes are removed by five boys, virtually leaving them naked.
“They are denied to live with their families and have an education. They are forced to live in Mathamma temple deemed to be like a public property and face sexual exploitation,” the NHRC said.
These girls, or ‘Mathammas’ as they are referred to in parts of Tamil Nadu, are forbidden to marry and must earn their living by dancing at the Hindu temples.
In some cases, young girls after being initiated into the practice are left bare-chested with only garlands and jewels covering them, while in others they are made to carry pots of liquor as part of the celebrations.
The rights panel has also observed that if the allegations turn out to be true, these will amount to a violation of human rights, including the right to education, rights to life and dignity and children’s rights.
This practice is alleged “another form of Devadasi system”, which is still practised in some parts of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh, NHRC has pointed out.
Devadasi system is a banned religious practice in some areas of India whereby parents marry a daughter to a deity or a temple. The marriage usually occurs before the girl reaches puberty.
There have been allegations that Devadasis are often subjected to sexual exploitation in the name of religion.
The Union Home Ministry in December 2015 had asked all states to take firm action against those involved in the heinous practice which is against the dignity of women.
The Logical Indian community appeals to the concerned authorities to carry out a proper investigation into the matter and to submit their report within the stipulated time period so that necessary actions can be taken against such violations of human rights.
Even at 76, Pradip Burman, the zestful chairman of Mobius Foundation radiates a contagious enthusiasm when he is talking about sustainability. The environmental crusader, better known to many as the great-grandson of Dabur founder Dr S.K.Burman, has devoted substantial attention towards promoting the concept of sustainability in all aspects of life. He refuses to conform to the convenience and comfort in today’s world which ultimately adds on to the adverse effects of climate change.
Talking to The Logical Indian, Burman emphasised why sustainability as a concept is indispensable for us. “We ought to be aware of what lies ahead of us. Soon we will finish the oil, iron, tin, and coal, and our next generations will be left with nothing. Recycling, banning plastics, stop felling trees for paper… This should become a part of everyone’s lifestyle,” he urges.
Traditional wisdom and modern research
A mechanical engineer from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), USA, Burman had always nurtured a keen interest in helping the society, as evident from his graduation project of designing a sonic aid for the visually challenged, which detected obstacles in the way using ultrasonic wave signals.
As an executive for the nature-centric company Dabur, Burman has always opted for natural alternatives to solve his everyday problems like taking Ayurvedic medicine to cure his Arthritis. He later launched the veterinary wing for Dabur – Ayurvet – which provides nature-friendly solutions for animal health care.
A patron of the ancient scientific wisdom of India, Burman always hailed the confluence of “traditional knowledge and modern research”, which he advocated as the Ayurvet motto.
As part of the CSR initiative of Dabur, Pradip Burman founded SUNDESH (Sustainable Development Society) which has been tirelessly working for last 25 years in remote villages for uplifting the rural communities in an environmentally sustainable way.
An advocate of sustainability
Burman believes that sustainability is the indispensable mantra for the world at present. Due to uncontrolled utilisation of the planet’s resources by human beings, the world today stands at a juncture of destabilisation. Today the human race has reached the pinnacle of progress but the advancement is happening in a very unsustainable manner.
Through energy-efficient use of everyday essentials like transport, communication, altered habits of diet, clothing and daily living, some crusaders of sustainability try to reduce their carbon footprint. Pradip Burman’s Mobius Foundation is one of the forerunners toward sustainability goals.
Mobius Foundation aims to change the sustainability dynamics
In 2015, Burman paved the way for the start of Mobius Foundation, focused on sustainability. Named after 18th-century German mathematician August Ferdinand Mobius, the famous Mobius strip has an important philosophical significance. The extraordinary shape symbolises balance and union.
Similar is the essence of Mobius Foundation which wishes to enhance the “Reduce, Reuse, Recycle” principle to a widespread basis in India, helping generations to come.
Founder Pradip Burman wishes to achieve notable development in education, population stabilisation and renewable energy projects.
A dream school in the making
At Coorg, Pradip Burman’s Mobius Foundation is constructing the World Environment School, Coorg (WESc) where the curriculum will surpass the boundaries of books and classrooms, with a special focus on hands-on learning in close collaboration with the environment. Amidst the pristine natural beauty of Coorg, the school will nurture young minds to grow up into future green leaders. As of now, the school will be open to teenagers, welcoming students from standards 6 to 12.
Needless to say, World Environment School will be the first-of-its-kind not only in India but also in entire South Asia. The school is expected to start from March 2020.
The school promises to nurture the responsible behaviour of citizens of our future.
The Sustainability Conference of 2019
In 2019, the Mobius Foundation has planned an international conference, on the lines of the celebrated earth summits over the past decade. The 2019 International Conference on Sustainability Education (ICSE 2019) aims to bring together environmental activists, practitioners of sustainable development as well as climate change experts to help develop a sustainability-focused curriculum.
It is surmised that the conference will give a platform to innovative concepts of Sustainability Education including an essential change in the existing education system ensuring a wholesome personal development for a student.
The Sustainability crusader
The Mobius founder strongly believes that it is high time to sprout sustainability awareness among a society drowning in consumerism and unknowingly doing irreparable harm to the planet, every second. The best way to achieve this goal is through education which is available to all. At present, the education system is predominantly career-oriented, making the learners a victim of materialism, and thus, their dreams are also outlined in those colours.
Living beyond the limits
When asked about his wish to attain the age of hundred, he strongly asserts that more than becoming a centurion, he wishes his life and work continue to better the society even in his absence. “I have lived my life. I wish that whatever I start before I go, will continue – for the betterment of my country,” says Mr Pradip Burman.
He is also a trustee of the Climate Reality Project – India (affiliated to Mr. Al Gore of the Climate Reality Project Foundation, USA). Climate Reality Project, India, has been actively engaged igniting the spark and spreading the message of climate change amongst educators, policy makers and civil society. The India branch looks after more than 500 trained Climate Leaders, and more than 900 volunteers spread all over the country.
In his journey, Pradip Burman has been a beacon of hope for millions, motivating many to join the movement for sustainability. We wish he continues his tireless efforts for promoting sustainability awareness and inspire generations to come.