Transparency International has placed India in the ‘Red Zone’ for failing to address and curb petty bribery cases and mega corruption scandals.
The organisation released 2016 Corruption Perception Index in Berlin on Wednesday. India scored 40 points and had been placed with Brazil and China.
The report stated that the country’s economy was growing, but the inequality persists.
“India’s ongoing poor performance with a score of 40 reiterates the state’s inability to deal with petty corruption and large-scale corruption scandals effectively. The impact of corruption on poverty, illiteracy and police brutality shows that not only the economy is growing – but also inequality,” Transparency International said.
What does Score 40 imply?
The countries are ranked by points they get on a scale of 0-100. Countries that have a score of less than 50 points are considered to be high on the Corruption Index.
India got a score of 40, which means we are in the Red Zone area. This indicates that it is in high corruption zone. Though the country has improved the position by two points, it continues to remain in the same red-zone area.
India has slipped by three positions from 76 to 79 and has been rated lower than all its neighbors except Bhutan
What are the solutions to come out of the red zone?
- Strengthening Anti-graft laws
- Ensuring effective implementation of such laws.
What is Transparency International Organisation?
This organisation gives voice to the victims and witnesses of corruptions. It has chapters in more than 100 countries. They work closely with governments, businesses and citizens to stop bribery, abuse of power and secret deals.
What is Corruption Perception Index?
Corruption Perception Index was first launched in 1995 by Transparency International Organisation. Since then, each year they score countries on how corrupt their public sectors are seen to be. The index captures the informed views of analysts, business people and experts in the countries around the world. To prepare the index, Transparency International rates 176 countries based on the information provided by various institutions such as World Economic Forum and World Bank.
What does the index convey?
Two-thirds of the 176 countries fall below the midpoint of the scale which is 50 points.
- The low-ranked countries are plagued by badly functioning and untrustworthy institutions like the judiciary and police. Anti-corruption laws are not practised, and people frequently face a situation of extortion and bribery.
- The higher-ranked countries have higher degrees of press freedom, access to information about public expenditure, stronger standards of integrity for public officials and independent judicial systems.
What are the Rankings?
Denmark and New Zealand were deemed to be least corrupt nations with a score of 90. Somalia was rated as the most corrupt country.
What is the importance of CPI?
- CPI is a reputable index which is widely used by academicians, journalists, economists and business executives.
- Since the information is taken from credible sources, the reports are considered authentic.
- It is also a valuable source of information about the degree of illegal practices among civil servants and politicians in the countries.