Hyperhidrosis refers to excessive sweating, even under basal conditions. It is physiologically normal and healthy for us to sweat under conditions of high temperature or humidity, during exercise, or when anxious. Sweating is the body’s way of coping with stress and cooling the skin surface. The sympathetic component of the autonomous nervous system causes an increase in secretions of the sweat glands. However, some individuals experience an increase in sweat production even in the absence of any factors to trigger the same. This is what we call hyperhidrosis.
What causes hyperhidrosis?
There are two broad categories: 1. Primary hyperhidrosis wherein no underlying cause can be identified 2. Secondary hyperhidrosis which occurs as a complication, or as a consequence of underlying causes like diabetes, menopause (hot flushes), low blood glucose, hyperthyroidism, and sympathetic overactivity (nervous pathology).
What are the symptoms?
The individual notices an increase in sweating without any physical or mental stress and under a comfortable temperature.
It may be noticed in the form of drenched clothes or clamminess of the skin.
Common sites of increased sweating are:
– palms and soles
At times, the extent may be such that it interferes with the individual’s profession. Work involving fine control may be hampered.
A physician can be consulted whenever the symptoms and discomfort are experienced.
People with hyperhidrosis often have a layer of sweat over the skin, this creates moist, favourable conditions for disease causing organisms to grow, thus leading to recurrent skin infection.
How can it be treated?
Once the underlying agent, if any, has been treated, treatment for hyperhidrosis can be started.
Various treatment options are
– prescription antiperspirants with aluminum chloride
– nerve blocking drugs which inhibit the action of the nerve impulses on the sweat glands.
The drugs may have side effects, and should be used only on prescription by a registered practitioner.
Surgical options include
– iontophoresis (use of low level electric currents)
– sweat gland removal
– nerve surgery
-Use of non-prescription antiperspirants.
-Wearing clothes made of natural fabric like cotton, wool and silk. This allows the skin to get aired, aiding evaporation, and thus reducing the amount of sweat.
-Shoes should be rotated daily. Also, socks should be regularly changed. Our feet do not receive adequate aeration, and so, may be prone to increased sweating and, subsequently, infection. At home, it is advisable to sit barefoot to air the feet.
-Relaxation techniques like meditation and yoga help reduce stress and, may help reduce sweat secretion.
Have you ever spotted a speeding car without a care for the traffic signal? Ever spotted a person rushing to the other side of the road when the traffic light is green? Ever seen bikers use pavements as roads to save a few minutes? Ever seen cars change lanes on highways or rush hour traffic on a whim? Well, so have thousands of other Indians.
Road safety in India is a serious concern. For a country that boasts the second largest road network in the world, it is inarguable that we need to pay more attention to our safety on roads – a place where we step out every day, spend a handsome amount of our time.
The government has come up with several regulations on road safety, but is this enough? Not if awareness around the topic is still lacking.
The intention behind the initiative is to bring together lawmakers, local authorities, traffic police and citizens under one umbrella.
The cities will be rated on parameters such as Pedestrian Rights, Road Lighting and Maintenance, Motor Laws and Traffic Control, Emergency Services, Road Cleanliness, Connectivity, Road Transport Infrastructure, Heavy Vehicle Traffic Management, Road Safety, Differently abled friendly, Road Quality and Road Safety For Children.
Here are the ten cities that were chosen for Road Safety Index 2018 and the reasons that make their roads safe or unsafe:
Mumbai has facilities for the differently-abled like reservations in public transports, special train compartments, concessions on fares, etc. The city that never sleeps scored the best when it comes to citizens’ participation in making the city accepting and warm toward the differently-abled. It won the category ‘Differently-Abled Friendly’.
However, there are areas of improvement – illegal hawkers, pavements and footpaths need to be fixed or reconstructed.
Anyone who hails from the capital of West Bengal knows about its recreational parks and brightly lit streets. Its traffic police deserve special mention for redirecting rush traffic every day as Kolkata roads are narrow and many are one-way streets.
During Durga Puja, the city tries to make Pandals differently-abled friendly by installing ramps.
It won the categories – ‘Road Lighting & Maintenance’ and ‘Road Safety For Children’.
But the City of Joy needs to work more on giving its residents #HappyRoads. Issues of waterlogging and numerous street hawkers, roadside vendors in busy areas need to be solved.
There’s no one who’s been to Delhi and not praised its excellent connectivity. Delhi prides itself for broad roads, top-notch metros, pavements and foot over bridges. The national capital surely serves as an example for cities across India when it comes to road connectivity hence, it won the categories ‘Connectivity’ and ‘Road Quality’ in the Road Safety Index.
While Delhi has made many of its public places differently-abled friendly, the areas that need improvement are long hours in traffic, fixing of roads that pose a hindrance to daily commute and rash driving by bikers.
The city boasts well-marked zebra crossings, adequate footpaths for pedestrians, underground SMART dustbins, reduced encroachments. Raipur fares well in almost all parameters of road safety. It won the category of ‘Road Safety’ and ‘Pedestrian Rights’.
However, the city could do better with stricter fines for traffic violators and awareness about road safety and garbage disposal.
Other cities can take inspiration from Chennai on how to ensure good road safety. The city has wide, well-connected roads that are lit properly. It also boasts rigorous night patrolling where traffic rules violators are fined. One of the best initiatives taken by Chennai is the separate parking space on city roads that prevent traffic from accumulating. It came out on top in the category ‘Motor Laws & Traffic Control’.
Areas where Chennai needs to improve are street lighting and cleanliness.
Indore is one of the few cities that has used plastic waste for construction of roads and covered garbage disposals, which explains why the city won the ‘Road Cleanliness’ category. Indore also has adequate zebra crossings, visual signals, street lights, footpaths.
But areas where the city needs improvement are – strict action against traffic violators, public spaces more differently-abled friendly.
There is a lot to learn from the road safety measures implemented by Ahmedabad – sound medical facilities, separate lanes for local buses, special cab service for differently-abled, wide roads. Ahmedabad won in the category ‘Emergency Services’, ‘Road Transport Infrastructure’ and ‘Heavy Vehicle Traffic Management’.
If the Heritage City improves road safety awareness among citizens, it’s bound to fare even better. Better street lighting and lesser encroachments will work in favour of Ahmedabad.
The other cities shortlisted were Pune, Bangalore and Hyderabad but they didn’t win any category.
Maruti Suzuki’s initiative to rank cities will encourage citizens and administration to do better and emerge on top.
The Logical Indian community wholeheartedly appreciates the various initiatives undertaken by Maruti-Suzuki in this direction. Not only the government but we, as citizens of this country, should also pledge to make our roads safe. One of the first steps towards this is that we understand our duties.
We hope the authorities take a note while we pledge to do our own bit towards happier, safer Indian roads.
For more information about the Maruti Suzuki’s initiative and the Road Safety Indexclick here.