On May 1, 2016, Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY) in a bid to provide 5 crore free LPG connections to below-poverty-line families. The scheme provides a financial support of Rs 1,600 for each LPG connection to the BPL households.
Two years down the line, has PMUY really been able to achieve its initial target of freeing the women from poor households from the harmful and polluting methods of energy use?
Fewer beneficiaries go for refill
The scheme on paper is shown to be successful. As of now more than 4.4 crore LPG connections have been extended to BPL families. In an interview to Times Now earlier this year, PM Modi said that he “may even complete the target of 5 crore families before the 2019 deadline.”
While the number of free LPG connections extended to BPL families are on track but the grave question right now is whether new connections under PMUY are translating into consistent use given that the cost for the subsequent cylinders has to be borne by the BPL family itself?
According to the Rangarajan committee, those who live on income of less than Rs 32 a day in rural areas and Rs 47 a day in urban areas are considered to be a BPL family. This compared to the cost of a cylinder which is high even at a subsidized rate shows that with this kind of income, a BPL family will not be able to afford the market rate.
For Ujjwala beneficiaries, the upfront payment for LPG connections is waived off – they do not have to pay the security deposit or other overhead costs, however, there is no extra concession from the second refill stage. This means that they too have to purchase gas at the market rate – which they simply cannot afford.
The statistics also prove the same. Data shows that the year-on-year increase in the consumption of LPG has risen from 9% to 9.8% from 2015-16 to 2016-17 in comparison to the greater rise of customers in the same period from 10.2% to 16.2%. Thus, the number of ‘inactive’ users are on the rise.
Even the CRISIL study commissioned by the government in 2015 to understand why people were not adopting LPG cylinders over biomass fuels, revealed that after the high initial cost of connection (86.3%), the high recurring cost of LPG refill was the second biggest reason (83.4%)
This raises serious questions on the logic behind both the ‘Give It Up’ campaign and the Ujjwala Yojana. It also proves the point that number of new connections alone is not the yardstick against which the success of the scheme can be measured. For the success of any policy, it is important that it is affordable to those who are real beneficiaries. Those who are taking LPG free connections under Ujjwala Yojana are now not getting Kerosene under subsidised rate. It is a double whammy on the poor who are already reeling under heavy prices of LPG cylinder. We hope government take these factors into consideration and see that if any policy changes can be done to help the beneficiaries of Ujjwala Yojana.
Even at 76, Pradip Burman, the zestful chairman of Mobius Foundation radiates a contagious enthusiasm when he is talking about sustainability. The environmental crusader, better known to many as the great-grandson of Dabur founder Dr S.K.Burman, has devoted substantial attention towards promoting the concept of sustainability in all aspects of life. He refuses to conform to the convenience and comfort in today’s world which ultimately adds on to the adverse effects of climate change.
Talking to The Logical Indian, Burman emphasised why sustainability as a concept is indispensable for us. “We ought to be aware of what lies ahead of us. Soon we will finish the oil, iron, tin, and coal, and our next generations will be left with nothing. Recycling, banning plastics, stop felling trees for paper… This should become a part of everyone’s lifestyle,” he urges.
Traditional wisdom and modern research
A mechanical engineer from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), USA, Burman had always nurtured a keen interest in helping the society, as evident from his graduation project of designing a sonic aid for the visually challenged, which detected obstacles in the way using ultrasonic wave signals.
As an executive for the nature-centric company Dabur, Burman has always opted for natural alternatives to solve his everyday problems like taking Ayurvedic medicine to cure his Arthritis. He later launched the veterinary wing for Dabur – Ayurvet – which provides nature-friendly solutions for animal health care.
A patron of the ancient scientific wisdom of India, Burman always hailed the confluence of “traditional knowledge and modern research”, which he advocated as the Ayurvet motto.
As part of the CSR initiative of Dabur, Pradip Burman founded SUNDESH (Sustainable Development Society) which has been tirelessly working for last 25 years in remote villages for uplifting the rural communities in an environmentally sustainable way.
An advocate of sustainability
Burman believes that sustainability is the indispensable mantra for the world at present. Due to uncontrolled utilisation of the planet’s resources by human beings, the world today stands at a juncture of destabilisation. Today the human race has reached the pinnacle of progress but the advancement is happening in a very unsustainable manner.
Through energy-efficient use of everyday essentials like transport, communication, altered habits of diet, clothing and daily living, some crusaders of sustainability try to reduce their carbon footprint. Pradip Burman’s Mobius Foundation is one of the forerunners toward sustainability goals.
Mobius Foundation aims to change the sustainability dynamics
In 2015, Burman paved the way for the start of Mobius Foundation, focused on sustainability. Named after 18th-century German mathematician August Ferdinand Mobius, the famous Mobius strip has an important philosophical significance. The extraordinary shape symbolises balance and union.
Similar is the essence of Mobius Foundation which wishes to enhance the “Reduce, Reuse, Recycle” principle to a widespread basis in India, helping generations to come.
Founder Pradip Burman wishes to achieve notable development in education, population stabilisation and renewable energy projects.
A dream school in the making
At Coorg, Pradip Burman’s Mobius Foundation is constructing the World Environment School, Coorg (WESc) where the curriculum will surpass the boundaries of books and classrooms, with a special focus on hands-on learning in close collaboration with the environment. Amidst the pristine natural beauty of Coorg, the school will nurture young minds to grow up into future green leaders. As of now, the school will be open to teenagers, welcoming students from standards 6 to 12.
Needless to say, World Environment School will be the first-of-its-kind not only in India but also in entire South Asia. The school is expected to start from March 2020.
The school promises to nurture the responsible behaviour of citizens of our future.
The Sustainability Conference of 2019
In 2019, the Mobius Foundation has planned an international conference, on the lines of the celebrated earth summits over the past decade. The 2019 International Conference on Sustainability Education (ICSE 2019) aims to bring together environmental activists, practitioners of sustainable development as well as climate change experts to help develop a sustainability-focused curriculum.
It is surmised that the conference will give a platform to innovative concepts of Sustainability Education including an essential change in the existing education system ensuring a wholesome personal development for a student.
The Sustainability crusader
The Mobius founder strongly believes that it is high time to sprout sustainability awareness among a society drowning in consumerism and unknowingly doing irreparable harm to the planet, every second. The best way to achieve this goal is through education which is available to all. At present, the education system is predominantly career-oriented, making the learners a victim of materialism, and thus, their dreams are also outlined in those colours.
Living beyond the limits
When asked about his wish to attain the age of hundred, he strongly asserts that more than becoming a centurion, he wishes his life and work continue to better the society even in his absence. “I have lived my life. I wish that whatever I start before I go, will continue – for the betterment of my country,” says Mr Pradip Burman.
He is also a trustee of the Climate Reality Project – India (affiliated to Mr. Al Gore of the Climate Reality Project Foundation, USA). Climate Reality Project, India, has been actively engaged igniting the spark and spreading the message of climate change amongst educators, policy makers and civil society. The India branch looks after more than 500 trained Climate Leaders, and more than 900 volunteers spread all over the country.
In his journey, Pradip Burman has been a beacon of hope for millions, motivating many to join the movement for sustainability. We wish he continues his tireless efforts for promoting sustainability awareness and inspire generations to come.