Scientists Accidentally Discover A Method That Turns Carbon Dioxide Directly Into Ethanol

The Logical Indian

October 26th, 2016 / 10:39 AM

Process That Turns CO2 Directly Into Ethanol

Source: sciencealert | Representational Image: iacpublishinglabs

Process That Turns CO2 Directly Into Ethanol

Discoveries are part of science. Penicillin, Radio-Activity and many other have always surprised human race. Similarly, owing to the mounting levels of pollution people have always worked for ideas on how science can help in figuring out possibilities for reducing pollution and how the pollutants can be converted into fuel sources.

This September, the level of atmospheric carbon has officially surpassed 400 parts per million (ppm) crossing the safe level of 350 ppm. The level has hit the highest point of atmospheric CO2 in 4 million years.  It was a point that triggered Scientists of United States Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory to develop a process that could convert CO2 into a fuel source. The team of Researchers have proved that and surprisingly using just one single catalyst. The Researchers were already looking for a way to convert CO2 into ethanol but they had expected that it would require multiple steps and catalysts. But the process was achieved with a single catalyst.


Process
Firstly, Carbon, Copper and Nitrogen were embedded by carbon nanoparticles into nitrogen laced carbon spikes measuring just 50-80 nanometers tall. Then the electric current of 1.2 volts was applied. The catalyst converted a solution of CO2 dissolved in water into ethanol with a yield of 63 percent. “By using common materials, but arranging them with nanotechnology, we figured out how to limit the side reactions and end up with the one thing that we want,” said Rondinone in a press release.


Results
The results of the process were quite surprising. The combustion process was effectively reversed using a modest amount of electricity. It yielded high amount of ethanol.

Adam Rondinone from the US Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory said that carbon dioxide was taken as it is a waste product of combustion.


Critical Acclaim
The end product of the process is not a need of time but it can be possible to adjust the cars and energy plants to run on hydrocarbon fuel. The process is cheap and efficient enough to be produced from CO2 but we are certainly not there yet, says Rondinone as reported by ScienceAlert. There are already so many  CO2 conversion projects going on which are aiming to do the same thing.

“Ethanol is commonly called as alcohol, ethyl alcohol and drinking alcohol which are produced by the fermentation of sugar by yeast.”


 




Contributors

Edited by :

Share your thoughts..

Related Stories

Indian Scientists Discover New Planet 600 Light Years Away

Haryana: Groom’s Brother Accidentally Kills Him In Celebratory Gunshot

NASA Study Shows India May Be Largest Sulphur Dioxide Emitter Leaving China Behind

CO2

Global Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Level Highest In More Than 3 Million Years: UN

Tissue Transplant

Scientists Turn Spinach Leaf Into Beating Human Heart Tissue: Watch/Read To Know More

CO2 Concentration

For The First Time In Human History, Carbon Dioxide Concentration Has Crossed 410 PPM

Latest on The Logical Indian

News

[Video] Delhi CM Attacked With Chilli Powder Inside Secretariat, AAP Questions Police For Security Lapse

News

Migrant Kids Across The World Can Fill Up Half A Million Classrooms If Given A Chance: Report

My Social Responsibility

With Over 3 Lakh Individuals Treated Free Of Cost, This NGO Is A Saviour Of The Differently Abled

News

Uttarakhand: Tehri Cop Assaults An Architect, Allegedly Books Him Under False Charges

News

Delhi Pollution Reduced Life Expectancy Of Residents By More Than 10 Years: Report

News

Union Minister Was Paid Bribe, NSA Ajit Doval Interfered In The Probe Of Asthana Case: CBI Officer To SC

x

Stories that deserve attention, delivered to your inbox!

Handpicked, newsworthy stories which deserve the attention of a rational generation.