Scientists Turn Spinach Leaf Into Beating Human Heart Tissue: Watch/Read To Know More

The Logical Indian Crew

August 1st, 2017 / 10:06 AM

Tissue Transplant

Courtesy: Science Direct, National Geographic | Image Credit: Daily Mail

In a recent studyscientists at the Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) in Massachusetts have found a way to use spinach to build working human heart muscle, potentially solving a long-standing problem in efforts to repair damaged organs. This study aims at bringing in new systems of developing a vascular system, which has been a roadblock for tissue engineering.

Scientists have already created large-scale human tissue in labs using methods like 3D printing. However, it is much harder to grow the small, delicate blood vessels that are vital to tissue health.

Joshua Gershalk, one of the co-authors of the paper pointed out in a video about the work, “The main limiting factor for tissue engineering … is the lack of a vascular network.”  A lot of tissue death takes place if the vascular system is not developed.

The scientists have made use of the vascular system of the plants to replicate the way blood moves through human tissue. The work involves modifying a spinach leaf in the lab to remove its plant cells, which leaves behind a frame made of cellulose.

The authors point out in their paper that cellulose is biocompatible and that it has been used in a wide variety of regenerative medicine applications, such as cartilage tissue engineering, bone tissue engineering, and wound healing.

The remaining scaffolding of the spinach leaf was then bathed in live human cells so that the human tissue grew on it and surrounded the tiny veins. The spinach leaf was subsequently transformed into a mini heart; the team sent micro beads and fluids through its veins to show that blood cells can flow through this system.

The eventual goal would be to restore the damaged tissue in patients who have had heart attacks or who have suffered other cardiac issues that prevent their hearts from contracting. The veins in modified leaves would deliver oxygen to the entire area of the replacement issue – this is crucial in generating new heart matter.

The study team claims that the same methods could be used with different types of plants to repair a variety of tissues in the body. For instance, swapping out the cells in wood might one day help fix human bones.

Saying that they have a lot more to do, Glenn Gaudette, also of WPI, stated in a press statement, “Adapting abundant plants that farmers have been cultivating for thousands of years for use in tissue engineering could solve a host of problems limiting the field.”



Contributors

Written by :

Edited by :

Related Stories

UK Scientists Artificial Leaf

Scientists Develop Artificial Leaf That Produces Gas Using Sunlight, Could Serve As Petroleum Alternative

Ambulance Ganpati Visarjan

Watch| Devotees Make Way For Ambulance During Ganpati Visarjan, Win Heart On Internet

Bittu Underprivileged Child School

It’s Through Your Everyday Choice That An Underprivileged Child Can Attend School Today, Read To Know More!

Delhi, Gujarat Tops The List For Counterfeit Currency; Read To Know More

glitter

Why Do Scientists Think That Glitter Should Be Banned? All You Need To Know About It And Its Harmful Effects

Odisha’s Warrior On A Wheelchair: This Man Is Beating All Odds To Help Differently-Abled Indians

Latest on The Logical Indian

Environment

Temple In Gujarat Shifts To Solar Energy, Uses Saved Money To Fund Sanskrit College

News

New Citizenship Act Causes Rift In NDA, JD(U) Disagrees With BJP On NRC

Get Inspired

Pune’s Open Library Movement Makes Books Available 24*7, Runs On Donate-Read-Donate Concept

Exclusive

Exclusive: This 8-Year-Old Indian Is Preaching World Leaders About Climate Change

News

BJP Can’t Bulldoze States To Implement Amended Citizenship Act: West Bengal CM Mamata Banerjee

News

Citizenship Protest: US, UK Warn Citizens Against Travelling Northeast India

x

Stories that deserve attention, delivered to your inbox!

Handpicked, newsworthy stories which deserve the attention of a rational generation.